Thursday, February 23, 2017

Resilience to Change- Expert Blind Spot Among Preservice and Inservice Teachers: Beliefs About Algebraic Reasoning and Potential Impact on Engineering Education

The following is a final draft of a paper that will be submitted for publication within the next few months and will also be presented at a national conference focusing on engineering education, algebraic learning and teacher preparation. I'm writing with a colleague of mine from the University of Michigan.  In this study, we examine the differences in teachers’ held perceptions about algebraic representational problems (symbolic, word, and story) between pre-service and in-service teachers participating in a teacher education program. Further, I explore further the expert blind spot in algebraic teaching and its implications for K-12 engineering education and the STEM pipeline.-Dr. Petrosino

Friday, February 17, 2017

Michele Russo- August 7, 1949 - February 16, 2017

My sincere condolences to the Russo family, to Anthony Sr, Nicky, Michael, Anthony Jr, on the passing of their Wife/ mother Michele Russo and to the DeStafano family. Mrs. Russo was a tireless advocate and supporter for the children of Hoboken. Michele sponsored Hoboken Recreation Cheerleaders, Ragamuffin Parade, Summer Olympics, Senior Flower Program, Hoboken's Haunted House, Movies Under the Stars, Concerts in the Park, all with pure heart and soul. She was a relentless volunteer for anyone who needed help, you wanted her on your side. Michele's generosity has been recognized throughout the city, by all the countless people in need. 



IN LOVING MEMORY
MICHELE RUSSO
Michele Russo (née DeStefano), born and raised in Hoboken, NJ died on February 16, 2017 surrounded by Family.
Born on August 7, 1949 to Mary and Pasquale DeStefano, Michele Russo is survived by her husband, former Hoboken Mayor Anthony Russo, son Nicholas (Nick) S. Russo, his wife Olivia and children Jenna Rae, Anthony Evan, Lucien Thomas and Nicolo James; son Hoboken Third Ward Councilman Michael S. Russo, his wife Lisa and children Lia Grace and Jack Anthony; and son Hoboken Police Officer Anthony P. Russo, his wife Aliesette and daughter Ava Liana; her brothers Anthony and George DeStefano, and a number of nieces and nephews.
Renowned as a hard working civic volunteer and community leader, Michele’s dedication to Hoboken flourished in the 1990’s as a founder and Coach of the Hoboken Devils Recreation Cheerleaders, now Hoboken Cheer Dynamics.  Also, with the establishment of the Anthony Russo Civic Association, Michele Russo led the effort to “Turn the Tide”, becoming “First Lady” of Hoboken from July 1993 through June 2001.
Michele’s life and commitment to her beloved City of Hoboken brought decades of service as an elected School Board Trustee, Chairwoman of the Hoboken Democratic Organization, Hoboken Parking Authority Commissioner, Board Member of HOPES and organizer of the annual “Hoboooken Haunted House” and countless other community events.
Michele Russo was a loving mother, sister, grandmother, aunt and wife of 45 years.
Public Visitation - Monday, February 20th - 2:00 PM to 9:00 PM at Failla Memorial Home, 533 Willow Avenue, Hoboken.
Mass - Tuesday, February 21st - 10:00 AM at St. Francis Church, 308 Jefferson Street, Hoboken.
In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions to her home parish of St. Francis Church in Hoboken or her founding quest Hoboken Cheer Dynamics. Envelopes will be provided at the funeral home.

Monday, February 13, 2017

February 2017: Full Detailed Agenda Hoboken Board of Education

We Will Not Give Up- Roc Strong 


Tuesday, February 14, 2017
AGENDA
 HOBOKEN BOARD OF EDUCATION
158 FOURTH STREET, HOBOKEN, NJ 07030
(MEETING HELD IN DEMAREST AUDITORIUM, 158 FOURTH STREET, HOBOKEN, NJ 07030)

7:00 P.M.

Saturday, February 11, 2017

2016 Grade 3 PARCC Mathematics and Language Arts Results for the City of Hoboken- Traditional Public and Public Charter Schools

SUMMARY: Every Hoboken charter school scored above the state average for 2016 Grade 3 PARCC Language Arts and for Grade 3 PARCC Mathematics; Every Hoboken charter school scored above every Hoboken Traditional Public School on 2016 Grade 3 PARCC Language Arts and for Grade 3 PARCC Mathematics exam. 

Results for the 2016 New Jersey State Testing (PARCC) were released recently and are available on the New Jersey Department of Education website. I thought it would be interesting to look at how all of the public schools in Hoboken are doing at the early grades level in Mathematics and in Language Arts. Grade 3 is the earliest fully tested grade so I decided to look at that grade. All 6 Hoboken public schools are included in the analysis including the 3 traditional public schools (Calabro, Connors, and Wallace) as well as the 3 public (free) charter schools (Hola, Elysian, and Hoboken Charter). 

Grade 3 was also selected because these students in the traditional Hoboken Public Schools have been under the full stewardship of the Kids First/Forward Progress Board (recall, this group gained full majority of the Board of Education in May of 2009). The students tested were infants and toddlers when Kids First/Forward Progress took control of the Hoboken Board of Education. So, it is fair to say that these students have been exposed to nothing educationally other than what the Kids First/Forward Progress board approved and funded (curriculum, staff, instructional resources, school configuration, etc..,). 

A quick summary for new readers: 

Hola- Charter School 
Calabro- Traditional Public School 
Connors- Traditional Public School
Wallace- Traditional Public School
Hob. Charter- Charter School 
Elysian- Charter School 

Here is the raw data presented as mean scale scores by the New Jersey department of Education for the 2016 PARCC Grade 3 Language Arts for all charter and traditional public schools in the City of Hoboken. State average mean scale score for Language Arts is 746. 


School  Mean SS
Hola 772
Calabro 741
Connors 736
Wallace 760
Hob. Chart 773
Elysian 771

Here is the raw data presented as mean scale scores by the New Jersey department of Education for the 2016 PARCC Grade 3 Mathematics for all charter and traditional public schools in the City of Hoboken. State average mean scale score for Mathematics is 750.  

School  Mean SS
Hola 770 
Calabro 726
Connors 739
Wallace 757
Hob. Chart 765
Elysian 763

* Every Hoboken charter school scored above the state average for 2016 Grade 3 PARCC Language Arts and for Grade 3 PARCC Mathematics. 

* Every Hoboken charter school scored higher than any Hoboken Traditional Public School on 2016 Grade 3 PARCC Language Arts and on Grade 3 PARCC Mathematics exam. 

* Wallace School scored above the Hoboken Schools trend line for Grade 3 PARCC Mathematics. 

Sometimes to get a better understanding of data it is best to display the data in a chart or graphically. When we plot the mean scale scores in Grade 3 Mathematics and in Language Arts and use a  trend line to statistically divide the population into schools above and below the trend line we see a definite pattern emerge. Think of data points above the trend line as "above the population trend" and data points below the trend line as "below the population trend." For example, in the 2016 PARCC Grade 3 Language Arts chart below we can plainly see Hoboken Charter above the trend line, Wallace School slightly below the population trend, and Calabro below the trend line. 

2016 Grade 3 PARCC Language Arts All Hoboken Schools 

Figure 1: 2016 PARCC Grade 3 Language Arts
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2016 Grade 3 PARCC Mathematics All Hoboken Schools

Figure 2: 2016 PARCC Grade 3 Mathematics
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Soon we will take a look at some other grades in a similar fashion to see whether the Grade 3 score distributions are the norm or not. Here is some preliminary data on the 2016 5th Grade Language Arts Results (NJ state average mean scale score = 751). 


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Friday, February 10, 2017

Answers to Questions About Choice Students in the Hoboken School District: 166 (total) and 120 of 458 (HHS)

Quick Summary: The latest available NJDOE data indicates there are 166 choice students in the Hoboken School District. Additional data indicates 26% of high school enrollment in Hoboken High School are choice students. 

As regular readers will recall, the Hoboken School District is a receiving district for "choice" students from the surrounding area. But just how many students are there in Hoboken who are "choice" students and how many of them are enrolled in the high school. A fairly simple and straight forward question but one that is not very easy to ascertain. I have received a number of inquiries over the past few days concerning these questions and though that if a few people are interested, perhaps there are many more. 


This post will answer 2 questions. First, how many "choice students" are in the Hoboken School District. Second, what percentage of enrolled students in Hoboken High School are choice students? 

Question 1: The graph below is pretty straight forward and not only shows the number of choice students for the most recent school year (166) but also shows the continued rise of choice students since the 2009-10 school year. 

Chart 1: Number of Choice Students in Hoboken District
2009-10 to 2015-16
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Question 2: The second question is how many choice students are in Hoboken High School. I have include some of my data sources (see Chart 2 and Chart 3). According to the latest data, there were 458 total enrolled students in Hoboken High School with 120 of them being "choice" students. Therefore, based on the latest data, roughly 26% of the students in Hoboken High School are non-residents or "choice" students. 

Chart 2: 2015-15 Enrollment District Data- Hoboken School District

Chart 3: Disaggregated Choice Data by Grade 2015-16 School Year 

Comment: While a district cannot "pick and choose" all choice students, the district Board does control the number of choice students admitted to the school district as long as the number admitted is within the upper limit of state approved slots for the district. There is also no available analysis that I know of currently that has examined choice vs resident students on any specific measures. 


February 10, 2017- Hoboken Waterfront 

Monday, February 6, 2017

Free or Reduced Lunch Population Steadily Declines from 86.30% in 1998-99 to 52.55% in 2015-16 for Hoboken Public School District

Figure 1: 1998-2016 Free or Reduced Lunch Percentage
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The percentage of students identified as qualifying for Free or Reduced Lunch has declined from 86.30% in 1998-99 to 52.55% in 2015-16 for the Hoboken School District. 

According to Merrian-Webster dictionary white flight is the departure of whites from places (as urban neighborhoods or schools) increasingly or predominantly populated by minorities. Perhaps a more expansive approach to "white flight" might include socioeconomic status or class after all sometimes people use the term "white" as a euphemism for other conditions (class, income) which we may feel uncomfortable discussing. 

So, are charter schools having a segregative impact on the Hoboken Public Schools causing "white flight" as claimed by a number of Hoboken Board of Education members and realized in terms of an exodus of non-free or reduced students (a.k.a. "middle class")?

The short answer is that over the past 18 years the percentage of students identified as qualifying for free or reduced lunch has declined from 86% to 53% (see Figure 1). 


BACKGROUND: Over the past weeks I have received inquiries concerning the Free and Reduced percentages for the Hoboken School District. As many of you pointed out, the data I reported was from 2013-14 and was the most current available from the informative Eduction Law Center website. I have since done additional research and found more updated numbers for the 2015-16 school year. The updated percentages are similar and statistically not very different to 2013-14. I also decided to do a more longitudinal analysis and now have date for the past 18 years. 

For 2015-16 there were a total of 1943 students in the district and 1021 received either free or reduced lunch. This means the percentage of FRL students for 2015-16 in the Hoboken School District was about 53%. 

Figure 2: 2015-16 Hoboken City Enrollment Data
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Recall, in 2013-14 the percentage as reported by the Education Law Center was 49%. 

Figure 3: 2013-14 Hoboken City FRL Percentages
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I did some additional research and looked up some archival data. 

For 2005-06, about a decade ago, there were a total of 1900 children in the school district and 1491 qualified for either Free or Reduced Lunch. This means the percentage of FRL in 2005-06 in the Hoboken School District was about 78.47%

Figure 4: 2005-06 Hoboken City Enrollment Data
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For 1998-99, the oldest data I could find fairly quickly, there were 2625 children in the school district and 2266 qualified for either free or reduced lunch. This means the percentage of FRL students for 1998-99 in the Hoboken School District was about 86.32%

Figure 5: 1998-99 Hoboken City Enrollment Data
Click to Enlarge 

After finding the 1998-99 data I thought it would be interesting to gather data for EACH year in order to get a more fine grain look at the data over a long stretch of time-- in this case, 18 years. This also compliments an analysis I did previously where we looked at the percentage of students identified as "white" in the Hoboken School District

Summary: "White flight" and segregative impact may be a challenge to convince open minded people and independent third parties when data indicates the percentage of white students have been on an 18 year rise (from @15% to 33%) AND the percentage of students from families meeting criteria for free or reduced lunch have declined significantly (from 86% to 53%) over the same time period in the Hoboken School District. 


“they’re (charter schools) fostering white flight, and they’re bankrupting us,” the city’s school board head charged in a Wednesday interview. “We are creating separate but equal school systems,” warned Hoboken Board of Education president Leon Gold -Salon (3/14/14)

Further Clarification: Some regular readers of this blog pointed out that further clarification might be needed. I agree. It is important to understand that this data on Free or Reduced Lunch eligibility (Figure 1) is at the full district level and not disaggregated. Grade by grade analysis (i.e. disaggregated)  reveals different and also concerning trends of the Hoboken School District's inability to retain the non Free or Reduced eligibility population of students it has enrolled in the early grades (Figures 6 and 7 below). In short, the students categorized as non Free or Reduced Lunch eligible are primarily, although not exclusively, in the early grades. What percentage of the non Free or Reduced eligibility population of students that have left the Hoboken School District are also considered white is an interesting question but outside the focus of this particular post.

Figure 6- Example of disaggregated data

Figure 7- Example of disaggregated data


Thursday, February 2, 2017

White Flight Not Evident in 18 Year Longitudinal Analysis of the Hoboken Public School District Despite Claims by Advocates

Figure 1: Percentage of Students Defined as White in
Hoboken School District (1998-2016)
Click to Enlarge
According to Merrian-Webster dictionary white flight is the departure of whites from places (as urban neighborhoods or schools) increasingly or predominantly populated by minorities. 
Are charter schools having a segregative impact on the Hoboken Public Schools causing "white flight" as claimed by a number of Hoboken Board of Education members


One way to determine if white flight is taking place is to document the decrease in white students in the school district. It would make sense that if white flight was occurring, white students would be leaving the district and would be making up a smaller and smaller percentage of the student enrollment in the district. 

When we look at the data over an 18 year span, we find the percentage of students designated as white is actually increasing in the Hoboken Public School District...and significantly(!)

In fact, the percentage of white students in the Hoboken Public School District has risen from 14.98% in 2000-01 to 33.2 % in 2015-16- an increase of over 120%. Moreover, since the Hola Dual Language School was founded in 2010-11 the percentage of white students in the Hoboken School District has risen from 22% to 33%.

The trend line (dotted arrow- Figure 1) clearly shows the percentage of white students in the Hoboken Public School District has been on the rise for the past two decades with no evidence of a plateau. White flight, as measured by the decline in the percentage of white students in the Hoboken School District, is not taking place in the Hoboken School District and in fact, has seen a steady increase since 1998-99. 

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